The following is the text of 47 CFR 73.1201, the FCC regulations
governing station identification. The text was provided to us
courtesy of A. Joseph Ross, J.D.; formatting is mine.
Title 47 Code of Federal Regulations
Sec. 73.1201 Station identification.
When regularly required. Broadcast station identification
announcements shall be made:
Television broadcast stations may make these announcements visually or
- At the beginning and ending of each
time of operation, and
- hourly, as close to the hour as feasible,
at a natural break in program offerings.
- Official station identification shall consist of the station's
call letters immediately followed by the community or communities
specified in its license as the station's location: Provided,
That the name of the licensee or the station's frequency or channel
number, or both, as stated on the station's license may be inserted
between the call letters and station location. No other insertion is
- A station may include in its official station identification
the name of any additional community or communities, but the
community to which the station is licensed must be named first.
- Channel -
- General. Except as otherwise provided in this
paragraph, in making the identification announcement the call
letters shall be given only on the channel identified thereby.
- Simultaneous AM (535-1605 kHz) and AM (1605-1705 kHz) broadcasts.
If the same licensee operates an AM broadcast station in the 535-1605
kHz band an AM broadcast station in the 1605-1705 kHz band with both
stations licensed to the same community and simultaneously broadcasts
the same programs over the facilities of both such stations, station
identification may be made jointly for both stations for such periods
of simultaneous operation.
- Satellite operation. When programming of a broadcast station
is rebroadcast simultaneously over the facilities of a satellite
station, the originating station may make identification
announcements for the satellite station for periods of such
- In the case of a television broadcast station, such
announcements, in addition to the information required by paragraph
(b)(1) of this section, shall include the number of the channel on
which each station is operating.
- In the case of aural broadcast stations, such announcements,
in addition to the information required by paragraph (b)(1) of this
section, shall include the frequency on which each station is
- Subscription television stations (STV). The requirements for
official station identification applicable to TV stations will
apply to Subscription TV stations except, during STV-encoded
programming such station identification is not required. However,
a station identification announcement will be made immediately
prior to and following the encoded Subscription TV program period.
(34 FR 19762, Dec. 17, 1969, as amended at 37 FR 23726, Nov. 8,
1972; 39 FR 6707, Feb. 22, 1974; 39 FR 9442, Mar. 11, 1974; 41 FR
29394, July 16, 1976; 47 FR 3791, Jan. 27, 1982; 48 FR 51308, Nov.
8, 1983; 56 FR 64872, Dec. 12, 1991)
Low-power TV and TV translator stations
Sec. 74.783 Station identification.
Each low power TV and TV translator station not originating
local programming as defined by Sec. 74.701(h) operating over 0.001
kw peak visual power (0.002 kw when using circularly polarized
antennas) must transmit its station identification as follows:
By transmitting the call sign in International Morse Code at
least once each hour. This transmission may be accomplished by
means of an automatic device as required by Sec. 74.750(c)(7). Call
sign transmission shall be made at a code speed not in excess of 20
words per minute; or
By arranging for the primary station, whose signal is being
rebroadcast, to identify the translator station by transmitting an
easily readable visual presentation or a clearly understandable
aural presentation of the translator station's call letters and
location. Two such identifications shall be made between 7 a.m.
and 9 a.m. and 3 p.m. and 5 p.m. each broadcast day at
approximately one hour intervals during each time period.
Television stations which do not begin their broadcast day before 9
a.m. shall make these identifications in the hours closest to these
time periods at the specified intervals.
Licensees of television translators whose station
identification is made by the television station whose signals are
being rebroadcast by the translator, must secure agreement with
this television station licensee to keep in its file, and available
to FCC personnel, the translator's call letters and location,
giving the name, address and telephone number of the licensee or
his service representative to be contacted in the event of
malfunction of the translator. It shall be the responsibility of
the translator licensee to furnish current information to the
television station licensee for this purpose.
A low power TV station shall comply with the station
identification procedures given in Sec. 73.1201 when locally
originating programming, as defined by Sec. 74.701(h). The
identification procedures given in paragraphs (a) and (b) are to be
used at all other times.
Call signs for low power TV and TV translator stations will
be made up of the initial letter K or W followed by the channel
number assigned to the station and two additional letters. The use
of the initial letter generally will follow the pattern used in the
broadcast service, i.e., stations west of the Mississippi River
will be assigned an initial letter K and those east, the letter W.
The two letter combinations following the channel number will be
assigned in order and requests for the assignment of the particular
combinations of letters will not be considered. The channel number
designator for Channels 2 through 9 will be incorporated in the
call sign as a 2-digit number, i.e., 02, 03, . . . ., so as to
avoid similarities with call signs assigned to amateur radio
Low power TV permittees or licensees may request that they be assigned
four-letter call signs in lieu of the five-character alpha-numeric
call signs described in paragraph (d) of this section. Parties
requesting four-letter ccall signs are to follow the procedures
delineated in Sec. 73.3550. Such four-letter call signs shall begin
with K or W; stations West of the Mississippi River will be assigned
an initial letter K and stations east of the Mississippi River will be
assigned an initial letter W. The four-letter call sign will be
followed by the suffix ``-LP.'' A party holding a low power TV
construction permit who requests a four-letter call sign must file
with that request a certification that the station has been
constructed, that physical construction is underway at the transmitter
site or that a firm equipment order has been placed.
TV broadcast booster station shall be identified by their
primary stations by broadcasting of the primary station's call
letters and location in accordance with the provisions of Sec.
73.1201 of this chapter.
(41 FR 17552, Apr. 27, 1976, as amended at 47 FR 21502, May 18,
1982; 52 FR 7424, Mar. 11, 1987; 52 FR 31405, Aug. 20, 1987; 59 FR
31557, June 20, 1994)
FM boosters and translators
Sec. 74.1283 Station identification.
The call sign of an FM broadcast translator station will consist of
the initial letter K or W followed by the channel number assigned to
the translator and two letters. The use of the initial letter will
generally conform to the pattern used in the broadcast service. The
two letter combinations following the channel number will be assigned
in order and requests for the assignment of particular combinations
will not be considered.
The call sign of an FM booster station will consist of the call sign
of the primary station followed by the letters ``FM'' and the number
of the booster station being authorized, e.g., WFCCFM-1.
A translator station authorized under this subpart shall be identified
by one of the following methods.
By arranging for the primary station whose station is being
rebroadcast to identify the translator station by call sign and
location. Three such identifications shall be made during each day:
once between 7 a.m. and 9 a.m., once between 12:55 p.m. and 1:05 p.m.
and once between 4 p.m. and 6 p.m. Stations which do not begin their
broadcast before 9 a.m. shall make their first identification at the
beginning of their broadcast days. The licensee of an FM translator
whose station identification is made by the primary station must
arrange for the primary station to keep in its file, and to make
available to FCC personnel, the translator's call letters and
location, giving the name, address and telephone number of the
licensee or his service representative to be contacted in the event of
malfunction of the translator. It shall be the responsibility of the
translator licensee to furnish current information to the primary
station licensee for this purpose.
By transmitting the call sign in International Morse Code at least
once each hour. Transmitters of FM broadcast translator stations of
more than 1 watt transmitter output power must be equipped with an
automatic keying device that will transmit the call sign at least once
an hour, unless there is in effect a firm agreement with the
trnaslator's primary station as provided in Sec. 73.1283(c)(1) of this
section. Transmission of the call sign can be accomplished by:
Frequency shifting key; the carrier shift shall not be less than 5
kHz nor greater than 25 kHz.
Amplitude modulation of the FM carrier of at least 30 percent
modulation. The audio frequency tone use shall not be within 300
hertz of the Emergency Broadcast System Attention signal alerting
FM broadcast booster stations shall be identified by their primary
stations, by the broadcasting of the primary station's call signs and
location, in accordance with the provisions of Sec. 73.1201 of this
The Commission may, in its discretion, specify other methods of
(55 FR 50699; Dec. 10, 1990)
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